A PROJECT REPORT ON Home Security Alarm System Using Arduino PDF

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UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAIA PROJECT REPORT ONHome Security Alarm System UsingArduinoSUBMITTED BY-Suman PanditShakyanand KambleVinit Vasudevan(13103A0011)(13103A0012)(13103A0018)UNDER THE GUIDANCE OFProf Mugdha JoshiDr Prof Saurav MitraDEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS ENGINEERINGVIDYALANKAR INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGYWADALA (E), MUMBAI - 400 037.YEAR 2015-16YouTube video link - https://youtu.be/Enm1J0D1lAo

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTIt is our privilege to express our sincerest regards to our project coordinator, Dr Prof Saurav Mitra andProf Mugdha Joshi for their valuable inputs, guidance, encouragement, whole-hearted cooperation andconstructive criticism throughout the duration of our project. Their useful suggestions for this wholework and co-operative behavior are sincerely acknowledged.We deeply express our sincere thanks to our Head of Department Dr Prof. Anjali Deshpande forencouraging and allowing us to present the project on the topic “Home security alarm system usingArduino” at our department premises for the partial fulfillment of the requirements.We take this opportunity to thank all our lecturers who have directly or indirectly helped our project.We pay our respects and love to our parents and all other family members and friends for their love andencouragement throughout our career. Last but not the least we express our thanks to ourfriends for their cooperation and support.YouTube video link for the project - https://youtu.be/Enm1J0D1lAoYouTube video link - https://youtu.be/Enm1J0D1lAo

ABSTRACTThe need for home security alarm systems nowadays is a serious demand. As the number of crimes areincreasing every day, there has to be something that will keep us safe. We are all aware of the high endsecurity systems present in the market but they are not easily available to everyone. We therefore intendto provide a solution by constructing a cost efficient electronic system that has the capability of sensingthe motion of the intruders and setting off the alarm. The basic idea behind this project is that all thebodies generate some heat energy in the form of infrared which is invisible to human eyes. But, it canbe detected by electronic motion sensor.The project involves the use of Arduino, motion sensor, buzzer, LCD display and a simple program.The sensor detect any motion in its permissible range and triggers the alarm.It will also send the signal to Arduino which processes the signal and set off the alarm along withdetection message on display. With this system we can easily set up a security alarm in our home forunwanted intruders.YouTube video link - https://youtu.be/Enm1J0D1lAo

TABLE OF CONTENTS1. Introduction2. Circuit Diagram3. Component list and cost incurred4. Working of the circuit5. Advantages and Disadvantages6. Conclusion7. Future Scope8. References9. AppendixYouTube video link - https://youtu.be/Enm1J0D1lAo

LIST OF FIGURESFigure 1. IntroductionFigure 2.Circuit DiagramFigure 3. Working of the circuit3. a. Connecting the P.I.R sensor to Arduino3. b. Connecting L.E.D and Piezo Buzzer to Arduino3. c. Connecting L.C.D to Arduino3. d. Programming Arduino3. e. Drill Holes in the Housing3. f. Close Up the HousingFigure 4. a. Advantages4. b. Disadvantages4. c. ApplicationsFigure 5.ConclusionFigure 6. Appendix6. a. Program code6. b. Algorithm of Program code6. c. Data sheet of PIR motion sensor6. d. Weekly reportYouTube video link - https://youtu.be/Enm1J0D1lAo

INTRODUCTIONWe have designed an interesting and cheap home security alarm. This Gadget helps you to protect yourhouse from thieves. In this project we are going to use an Arduino Uno R3 Board, P.I.R Sensor module,LCD and some other components. This Project can either powered with 9V Battery or with U.S.B ofyour computer.This is a basic motion-sensing alarm that detects when someone enters the area. When an intruder isdetected, it activates a siren. Our body generates heat energy in the form of infrared which is invisibleto human eyes. But it can be detected by electronic sensor. This type of sensor is made up of crystallinematerial that is Pyroelectric. In this project, we are using P.I.R. Motion Sensor Module as an infraredsensor that generates electric charge when exposed in heat and sends a signal to Arduino. According tolevel of the infrared in front of sensor, Arduino displays the status on L.C.D and start buzzing speakerand glows the L.E.D.A simple program is running on Arduino which checks sensor if anything ismoved or new object has been detected.1


COMPONENTS REQUIRED Arduino Uno P.I.R Sensor Module L.C.D(16 X 2) 9V Battery 9V Battery Clip L.E.D Piezo Buzzer Breadboard Some Jumper Wires An USB Cable A ComputerCost incurred:ComponentCostArduino Uno550P.I.R Sensor Module150L.C.D(16 X 2)1359V Battery159V Battery Clip5L.E.D1Piezo Buzzer20Breadboard50Some Jumper Wires60Total9863

WORKINGThis system is a basic motion activated alarm. It is built around an Arduino Microcontroller. It isconnected to a PIR motion sensor, a buzzer, a resistor, and a pair of external terminals. The wholesystem is battery powered so that it is easily portable. Once you have the code, you can connect all theexternal parts. The easiest way to do this is with a breadboard. This will let you make temporaryconnections to test everything out.Step 1: Connecting the P.I.R sensor to Arduino:1. Connect Vcc pin of P.I.R sensor to positive terminal of Arduino (5V).2. Connect Gnd pin of P.I.R sensor to any ground pin of Arduino.3. Connect out pin of P.I.R sensor to Pin no. -7 of Arduino.Step 2: Connecting L.E.D and Piezo Buzzer To ArduinoConnecting L.E.DConnect Positive terminal (Longer Lead) Of L.E.D To Arduino Pin no. 13.Connect Negative terminal (Shorter Lead) Of L.E.D To Any Ground Pin.Connecting Piezo BuzzerConnect Positive terminal (Red Wire) Of Buzzer to Arduino Pin no. 10.Connect Negative terminal (Black Wire) Of Buzzer to Any Ground Pin.Step 3: Connecting L.C.D to Arduino:To wire your LCD screen to your Arduino, connect the following pins:LCD RS pin to digital pin 12LCD Enable pin to digital pin 11LCD D4 pin to digital pin 5LCD D5 pin to digital pin 4LCD D6 pin to digital pin 34

LCD D7 pin to digital pin 2Additionally, wire a 10K pot to 5V and GND, with its wiper (output) to LCD screens VO pin (pin3).Step 4: Programming Arduino:1. Download Arduino IDE 1.0.6 from https://www.arduino.cc/en/main/software.2. Connect Your Arduino to your computer using USB Cable.3. Open Arduino IDE, choose your correct board from Tools--Boards4.Choose Your Correct Port from Tools--Serial Port6. Copy the following sketch which appears in your Web Browser to your Arduino Sketch Page.7. Click on Upload Icon or go to File—UploadStep 5: Drill Holes in the Housing:Next we need to drill a few holes in the housing so that we can mount all the parts. Start by using a ¼"hole in one end of the housing. This will be where we mount the buzzer. Then use a ¾" hole saw todrill a hole in the other side of the housing. This will be where we mount the motion sensorStep 6: Glue the Motion Sensor and the Buzzer in PlaceApply a small amount of hot glue around the motion sensor where it lines up with the hole in thehousing. Then press the motion sensor into the hole. Apply more hot glue around the outside and holdit in place until the glue cools. Then apply a small amount of hot glue to the face of the buzzer. Alignthe hole in the buzzer with the hole in the housing and press it in place. Hold the buzzer in this positionuntil the glue dries.Step 7: Close Up the Housing:The last thing that you need to do is connect the battery and close up the housing.5

ADVANTAGES The given system is handy and portable, and thus can be easily carried from one place to another. The circuitry is not that complicated and thus can be easily troubleshooted. The given system sets off a powerful buzzer, and it is effective as any other alarm systemavailable in the market.DISADVANTAGES The given alarm system determines the presence of the intruder only, and does not determine howmany persons are in there actually. The alarm activates only when the person cuts through the line of the PIR sensor.APLLICATIONSThis type of motion sensing alarm system can be easily employable for security purposes at banks,various offices and even for sensitive establishments such as for military. We can easily set up thissystem for household purposes.6

CONCLUSIONThus, we have designed a home security alarm system using Arduino and PIR motion sensor, which ishandy, portable, cost-effective and highly effective as well. Such alarm systems are hugely in demandfor security purposes, and thus the given system can be proved useful and effective in view of the abovefeatures.FUTURE SCOPE We can add a keypad to arm or disarm the alarm We can determine the position of the intruder and then send a SMS to the concerned authorities.7

REFERENCESBooks[1] Michael Mcroberts, Beginning Arduino.Software[2] Arduino IDE 1.0.6 from https://www.arduino.cc/en/main/software.World Wide Web[3] www.circuitstoday.com[4] www.engineersgarage.com[5] www.learn.adafruit.com[6] www.instructables.com8

APPENDIXProject code://This Type of Sensor Detects Motion and lows L.E.D and Start Buzzing, It Also Displays that the"Motion is Detected" On An Lcd Screen#include LiquidCrystal.h int ledPin 13;// choose the pin for the LEDint inputPin 7;// choose the input pin (for PIR sensor)int pirState LOW;int val 0;// we start, assuming no motion detected// variable for reading the pin statusint pinSpeaker 10;//Set up a speaker on a PWM pin (digital 9, 10, or 11)LiquidCrystal lcd(12, 11, 5, 4, 3, 2);// initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pinsvoid setup() { pinMode(ledPin, OUTPUT); // declare LED as output pinMode(inputPin, INPUT); //declare sensor as inputpinMode(pinSpeaker, OUTPUT);Serial.begin(9600);lcd.begin(16, 2);lcd.setCursor(2, 0);lcd.print("P.I.R Motion");// Set LCD cursor position (column, row)// Print text to LCDlcd.setCursor(5, 1);// Set LCD cursor position (column,row)lcd.print("Sensor");// Print text to LCDdelay(4000); // wait 4slcd.clear(); // clear LCD displaylcd.setCursor(2, 0);lcd.print("Developed By");lcd.setCursor(2, 1);// Delay to read text// Clear the display// Set LCD cursor position (column, row)// Print text to LCD// Set LCD cursor position (column, row)lcd.print("Suman Ssk Vinit");delay(5000);lcd.clear();// Print text to LCD// Delay to read text// Clear LCDlcd.setCursor(0, 0);lcd.print("Processing Data.");9

delay(3000);lcd.clear();lcd.setCursor(3, 0);lcd.print("Waiting For");lcd.setCursor(3, 1);lcd.print("Motion.");}void loop(){val digitalRead(inputPin); // read input valueif (val HIGH) {// check if the input is HIGHdigitalWrite(ledPin, HIGH); // turn LED ONplayTone(300, 300);delay(150);if (pirState LOW) {// we have just turned onSerial.println("Motion detected!");lcd.clear() ;lcd.setCursor(0, 0);// Set LCD cursor position (column 0, row 0)lcd.print("Motion Detected!");// We only want to print on the output change, not statepirState HIGH;}} else {digitalWrite(ledPin, LOW); // turn LED OFFplayTone(0, 0);delay(300);if (pirState HIGH){// we have just turned ofSerial.println("Motion ended!");10

lcd.clear() ;lcd.setCursor(3, 0);lcd.print("Waiting For");lcd.setCursor(3, 1);lcd.print("Motion.");// We only want to print on the output change, not statepirState LOW; } } } // duration in mSecs, frequency in hertzvoid playTone(long duration, int freq) {duration * 1000;int period (1.0 / freq) * 100000;long elapsed time 0;while (elapsed time duration) eriod / 2);digitalWrite(pinSpeaker, LOW);delayMicroseconds(period / 2);elapsed time (period);}}Algorithm:1. Start2. Connect the Piezo buzzer to digital pin 103. Connect the PIR motion sensor to digital pin 7 as an input4. LED is connected to digital pin 135. We start, assuming no motion detected6. Create a variable for reading the pin status7. Initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pins8. Declare LED as output and sensor as input9. read input value10. check if the input is HIGH, then turn LED ON11. Put the buzzer ON12. Set LCD cursor position13. Print text to LCD as ‘ MOTION DETECTED’14. Stop11

PIR Motion Sensor:PIR sensors allow you to sense motion, almost always used to detect whether a human has moved in orout of the sensors range. They are small, inexpensive, low-power, easy to use and don't wear out. Forthat reason they are commonly found in appliances and gadgets used in homes or businesses. They areoften referred to as PIR, "Passive Infrared", "Pyroelectric", or "IR motion" sensors.Basic Stats:Size: RectangularOutput: Digital pulse high (3V) when triggered (motion detected) digital low when idle (no motiondetected). Pulse lengths are determined by resistors and capacitors on the PCB and differ from sensor tosensor.Sensitivity range: up to 20 feet (6 meters) 110 x 70 detection rangePower supply: 3V-9V input voltage, but 5V is ideal.12

This Project can either powered with 9V Battery or with U.S.B of your computer. This is a basic motion-sensing alarm that detects when someone enters the area. When an intruder is detected, it activates a siren. Our body generates heat energy in the form of infrared which is invisible to human eyes. But it can be detected by electronic sensor.