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United States Air Force ROTCAir Force ROTC – AFROTCI 36-2011 Volume 1Cadet’s Guide to Leadership Laboratory (LLAB)CurriculumAcademic Year 2020-2021Jeanne M. Holm Center for Officer Accessionsand Citizen Development

Jeanne M. Holm Center for Officer Accessions and Citizen DevelopmentAcademic Affairs DirectorateMr. James C. Wiggins, Dean/DirectorContributorsMr. Michael E. Collins, Field LeadershipCaptain Peter L. Simon, Field LeadershipDocumentation SupportMs. Nicole Griffin, Documentation SpecialistMrs. Chanel Wilson, Documentation SpecialistThis publication has been reviewed and approved by competent personnel of the preparingcommand in accordance with current directives on doctrine, policy, essentiality, propriety, andquality. The views and opinions expressed or implied in this publication do not carry the officialsanction of the Air Education and Training Command or the Department of the Air Force.Copyrighted materials used in this text have been reproduced by special arrangement with theoriginal publishers and/or authors. Such material is fully protected by the copyright laws of theUnited States, and may not be further reproduced in whole or in part without the expressedpermission of the copyright owner.2

TABLE OF CONTENTSPREFACE4AFROTCI 36-2011 Volume 1 – LLAB GUIDEBOOK5Objective Proficiency Codes6AFROTCI 36-2011 Volume 1 – Objective Table7TRAINING OBJECTIVES AND SAMPLES OF BEHAVIORS111. Air Force and AFROTC Grade Structure and Insignia112. Air Force and AFROTC Chain of Command123. AFROTC Honor Code134. Air Force Customs and Courtesies145. Military Ceremonies and Protocol176. Air Force Dress and Appearance Standards187. Drill Positions and Movements198. Effective Followership, Leadership, and Teamwork Skills249. Preparation for Field Training2610. Understand How the Air Force Employs Warfighting Assets2911. Expeditionary Skills3112. Preparation for Active Duty34ATTACHMENT 1 – FOLLOWERSHIP EVALUATION FORM38ATTACHMENT 2 – AFROTC FIELD LEADERSHIP EVALUATION FORM40ATTACHMENT 3 – POC-IN-CHARGE EVALUATION FORM42ATTACHMENT 4 – CITATION TEMPLATES44ATTACHMENT 5 – OPERATIONS PLAN TEMPLATE47ATTACHMENT 6 – OPERATIONS ORDER TEMPLATE54ATTACHMENT 7 – INDORSEMENT MEMORANDUM TEMPLATE57ATTACHMENT 8 – OBJECTIVE TRACKER593

PREFACEThe purpose of this text is to help you, cadre and/or Professional Officer Course (POC) cadets,develop a meaningful and stimulating Leadership Laboratory (LLAB) course for yourdetachment. Please keep in mind the structure of the course is up to you and your OperationsFlight Commander (OFC) or Operations Officer. You are required to teach all lesson objectivesand track the proficiency level for each cadet using the AFROTC-approved LLAB ObjectivesTracker. However, you may present these objectives throughout the academic year in anyorder that works for you as approved by your OFC. Furthermore, the proficiency levels definedfor each objective are based on the minimum skill level required for successful completion of theAFROTC program - at the discretion of the OFC, cadets may be directed to achieve a higherproficiency level. The Detachment Commander is the waiver authority for objective completionand proficiency level requirement for individual cadets unless delegated to the OFC.This document has changed substantially from previous versions and has been re-named asAFROTCI 36-2011 Volume 1 indicating a shift in training philosophy. Objectives are nowproficiency-based or characterized as task knowledge or performance. Objectives for extendedcadets have been removed. AFROTCI 36-2011, Cadet Operations, directs the conduct forextended cadets. They have completed the program and should be used to assist with PracticalMilitary Training (PMT) and as mentors for special projects. Additionally, the objectives foresprit-de-corps were removed. Morale and team-building activities should be an inherent focusof cadet leaders and detachment staff for PMT in order to maintain a viable commissioningsource. The design of the new AFROTCI 36-2011 Volume 1 and its associated objectivesprovides ample opportunity and flexibility for detachments to recruit, train, and commission theworld’s best Second Lieutenants.Critiques, suggestions, and comments are welcome!Please address any critiques, suggestions, comments or corrections through your OFC. Cadrewill forward appropriate recommendations to their Regional AFROTC CurriculumCrowdsourcing Team, which will be forwarded to:Jeanne M. Holm Center for Officer Accessions and Citizen Development/DECFAttn: Field Leadership Curriculum Area Manager60 Schumacher Avenue / Rm 16Maxwell AFB AL 36112Duty Phone (commercial) 334-953-4686/7715 or (DSN) 493-4686/7715Email: [email protected]

AFROTCI 36-2011 Volume 1 - LLAB GUIDEBOOKThis Cadet’s Guide to Leadership Laboratory Curriculum (LLAB Guidebook) is designed for theProfessional Officer Course (POC) and cadre as a reference tool to successfully present LLABevents. This tool is not meant to be all inclusive; however it will serve as a guide for detachmenttraining operations. LLAB events allow cadets to practice the knowledge and skills learned inAS classes and other Practical Military Training (PMT) events. LLAB-accomplished trainingoccurs at three different levels. First, the General Military Course (GMC) cadets gainknowledge and have an opportunity to carry out activities using practical applications. Second,LLAB gives POC cadets an opportunity to practice their leadership skills to plan, set up, executeand provide GMCs feedback while executing LLAB. Finally, cadre provide feedback to thePOCs on their leadership skills in relation to their plan, set up, execution and feedback providedto GMCs. As a POC, LLAB is your chance to practice your leadership skills that will help youlearn and grow into a Second Lieutenant in today’s Air Force.Normally, cadets are classified as AS100, AS200, AS300 and AS400 cadets corresponding tothe academic course in which they are enrolled. Though this classification system works wellfor most cadets, it may not apply in all situations. Therefore, it may be more practical to classifyand assign cadets according to where they are with respect to Field Training (FT) attendance &commissioning. For this reason, the following objectives must be satisfied to the identifiedcompetency level according to the appropriate cadet classification as follows:Initial Military Training (IMT) - Cadets who are part of the GMC but are not scheduledto attend Field Training, normally AS100sField Training Preparation (FTP) - GMC cadets scheduled to attend FT in theupcoming year, normally AS200, AS250 or AS500 cadetsIntermediate Cadet Leader (ICL) - Cadets returning from FT, normally AS300 cadetsSenior Cadet Leaders (SCL) - Cadets scheduled to be commissioned in the upcomingyear, normally AS400 cadetsEach objective contains the following:Requirements: this is the learning objective (i.e., Sample of Behavior)References: supporting materials & locations to find the information pertaining tolesson execution. All AF forms & publications are available at https://www.epublishing.af.mil/Institutional Competency - Sub-competency: links each objective to the desiredlearning outcomes for officer candidates as defined by AFI 36-2014, PrecommissioningProgramsInstructor: recommended instructor-level; NOTE: most objectives require a qualifiedPOC instructor who has completed Gateway to POC 1.0 (FT) and Gateway to POC 2.0(Detachment-based instruction) and is approved by Detachment staffAdditional Information: notes and suggestions to consider when planning training5

Objective Proficiency Codes:Intent: The proficiency code identifies the desired skill level per the appropriate cadet level.The training should be designed to achieve the desired level of proficiency as stated on eachobjective. Inherently, a higher-level of training proficiency is required for POC cadets teachingcertain critical skills; therefore completion of Gateway to POC 1.0 (FT) and Gateway to POC 2.0(Detachment-based instruction) is required prior to the start of training. At the discretion ofcadre, cadets may be allowed to formally instruct or evaluate cadets without completion of thiscourse.These proficiency codes are closely related to Bloom's taxonomy, which is used in AcademicInstructor training and the ‘Gateway to POC’ training course. The three levels of Bloom’s mostclosely related are the Remember, Understand, and Apply levels.Most of the LLAB lesson objectives are cadet planned, organized, and executed under thesupervision of the Detachment Commander and Operations Flight Commander.Objective Proficiency Code KeyScale ValueDefinition: The IndividualTaskKnowledgeLevel(K)Subject Knowledge Training: The verb selectionidentifies the individual's ability to identify facts,state principles, analyze, or evaluate the subjectKaRecall basic facts from memory (Bloom’s Remember)KbSummarize basic facts from memory and drawconclusions about subject (Bloom’s Understand)TaskPerformanceLevel(P)Performance Training: Identifies that the individualhas performed the task to the satisfaction of thecourse; however the individual may not be capableof meeting the field requirements for speed andaccuracy (Bloom’s Apply)P1Can do most parts of the task. Needs only help onhardest parts (Partially Proficient - do/participate)P2Can do all parts of the task. Needs only a spot check ofcompleted work (Competent - command, direct)P3Can do the complete task quickly and accurately. Cantell or show others how to do the task (Highly Proficient coach/mentor, supervise, instruct)Note: Proficiency is intended to move from Knowledge toPerformance. If an individual achieves a performance proficiency, itis assumed that knowledge has been achieved as well.6

AFROTCI 36-2011 Volume 1 Objective TableIMT FTP ICL SCLTraining Objective 1 - Air Force and AFROTC Grade Structure and InsigniaSOB 1.1Identify Air Force enlisted grade structure by insignia and name.KaSOB 1.2Identify Air Force & Joint officer grade structure by insignia andname.KaSOB 1.3Identify AFROTC grade structure.KaTraining Objective 2 - Air Force and AFROTC Chain of CommandSOB 2.1List the current Air Force and AFROTC chain of command.SOB 2.2Summarize the chain of command from the President of theUnited States to you as a cadet.KaKbTraining Objective 3 - AFROTC Honor CodeSOB 3.1Define each element of the AFROTC Cadet Honor Code.KbSOB 3.2Recall procedures for reporting a suspected Cadet Honor Codeviolation.KaSOB 3.3Describe common misconceptions and improper applications ofthe Cadet Honor Code.KbTraining Objective 4 - Air Force Customs and CourtesiesSOB 4.1Recall proper AF customs and courtesies expected of cadets topeers, superiors, and subordinatesKaKbSOB 4.2Practice proper forms of saluting and recognize who and when tosaluteP1P2P3SOB 4.3Practice reporting in/reporting out procedures.P1P2P3SOB 4.4Utilize the proper courtesies displayed during informal and formalactivitiesP1P2P3SOB 4.5Recall procedures for proper display of the flagKaKaSOB 4.6Describe proper customs and courtesies for outdoor ceremoniesKaKbSOB 4.7Describe proper customs and courtesies for indoor ceremoniesKaKb7

SOB 4.8Paraphrase proper procedures for folding the flagKaKbSOB 4.9Demonstrate proper procedures for retreatP1P2P3₁SOB 4.10Demonstrate proper procedures for reveilleP1P2P3₁Training Objective 5 - Military Ceremonies and ProtocolSOB 5.1Describe Dining-In and Dining-Out procedures and protocolKaSOB 5.2Describe official ceremonies protocol and procedures (awardceremony, change of command, etc.)KaKbKaKbTraining Objective 6 - Air Force Dress and Appearance StandardsSOB 6.1List when it is inappropriate to wear your uniformKaKaSOB 6.2Demonstrate proper AF grooming standardsP1P2P3SOB 6.3Demonstrate proper AFROTC and AF dress and appearancestandardsP1P2P3P3Training Objective 7 - Drill Positions and MovementsSOB 7.1Demonstrate drill fundamentalsP1P2SOB 7.2Demonstrate individual drill instructionP1P3SOB 7.3Demonstrate basic drill of the flightP1P3SOB 7.4Demonstrate intermediate drill of the flightP1P3SOB 7.5Demonstrate advanced drill of the flightP1P3SOB 7.6Demonstrate proper guidon positioning, commands, andmovementsP2SOB 7.7Demonstrate detail marchingP3SOB 7.8Demonstrate squadron marchingP1P3₁SOB 7.9Demonstrate Open Ranks InspectionP1P2P3₁SOB 7.10Demonstrate proper road guard proceduresP1P3P3₁8

Training Objective 8 - Effective Followership, Leadership, and Teamwork SkillsSOB 8.1Demonstrate effective followershipP1P2P3SOB 8.2Demonstrate effective team leadershipP1P2P3SOB 8.3Demonstrate effective group leadership as POC-In-ChargeSOB 8.4Demonstrate the principles of an effective debriefP2P3P1P2P3Training Objective 9 - Preparation for Field TrainingSOB 9.1Recall activities and training events typically scheduled at FTKaKb₁SOB 9.2Paraphrase FT evaluation criteriaKaKb₁SOB 9.3Paraphrase the mental and physical requirements preparations forFTKaKb₁SOB 9.4Utilize the 7 basic responses to use with FT staffP3SOB 9.5Demonstrate dorm maintenance per FTMP2P3₁SOB 9.6Demonstrate DFAC procedures per FTMP2P3₁SOB 9.7Practice the required pre-deployment equipment items for FieldTraining (i.e., accomplish “bag drag”)P2P3₁SOB 9.8Describe the FT Manual information and the importance oflearning its materialKbTraining Objective 10 - Understand How the Air Force Employs Warfighting AssetsSOB 10.1Recall the Air Force contributions to the joint fightKaKbSOB 10.2Summarize Air Force warfighting assetsKaKbSOB 10.3Practice the application of AF assets to the joint fight through awargaming scenario or discussionP1P2P3Training Objective 11 - Expeditionary SkillsSOB 11.1Differentiate the different types of orders and their usesKaKbSOB 11.2Discuss the considerations for operating in secured and/or hostileenvironmentsKaKb9

SOB 11.3Utilize basic TTPs to respond to attacks or threatsP1P3SOB 11.4Respond to UXOs and IEDsP1P3SOB 11.5Respond to identified Insider Threat/Active Shooter scenariosP1P3Training Objective 12 - Preparation for Active DutySOB 12.1Demonstrate all Gateway to POC 2.0 requirementsP2SOB 12.2Carry Out the cadet mentoring programP1P2SOB 12.3Practice leadership/management skills in supervising the cadetcorpsP1P2SOB 12.4Practice proper feedback and performance evaluation skillsP2SOB 12.5Utilize the ACA during feedbacksP2SOB 12.6Utilize writing/evaluating bullet statementsP1SOB 12.7Practice elements of OPRs/EPRP1SOB 12.8Practice Awards & DecorationsP1SOB 12.9Describe the appropriate usage of the indorsement format of theofficial memorandumKbSOB 12.10Describe the administrative requirement for E-publishing usage tolocate pubs and formsKbNote 1: Only select cadets need to be proficient at this level, as required, to fulfill Detachmenttraining requirements.10

TRAINING OBJECTIVES AND SAMPLES OF BEHAVIORS1. Air Force and AFROTC grade structure and insignia1.1. Sample of Behavior: Identify Air Force enlisted grade structure by insignia andname.1.1.1. Requirements: Cadets should b

Air Force and AFROTC Grade Structure and Insignia 11 2. Air Force and AFROTC Chain of Command 12 3. AFROTC Honor Code 13 4. Air Force Customs and Courtesies 14 5. ... Please keep in mind the structure of the course is up to you and your Operations Flight Commander (OFC) or Operations Officer. You are required to teach all lesson objectives