Trade Flow Analysis And Study Methodology-PDF Free Download

Trade flow analysis and study methodology

2020 | 11 views | 23 Pages | 244.22 KB

PROCESS.. Assess market access conditions, Examine tariff and non-tariff barriers, and trade agreements impacting trade flow Assess nature, level of competition ...



INTRODUCTION
Trade flow means flow of imports and exports
their components and direction
Trade flow analysis helps to examine pattern of
trade trend of flow concentration or the extent
of diversification and improvements required in
particular destinations value and supply chains
Take a product or service
Analyse production pattern growth potentiality
capacity costs value addition employment
intensity elasticity and the comparative
Assess product diversification within sectors and
export destination
Analyse the market potential of the destination
market including size of the market income
disposable income savings rate purchasing
power market growth and trend
Assess consumer preference trend and changes
Assess market access conditions
Examine tariff and non tariff barriers and trade
agreements impacting trade flow
Assess nature level of competition market
Assess information flow information acquiring
by consumers
Invest produce market and distribute
FACTORS AFFECTING THE CHOICE OF THE
EXPORT MARKET
What drives or will influence demand for
products and services
Will the products or services be accepted
Who are the main competitors Where do they
How do governments in destination markets
regulate their market
PRIORITISATION OF EXPORT MARKET
Market characteristics It consists of studying the size and
growth of markets various sectors seasonal or cyclical trends
and quality issues among others
Competitive conditions consists of identifying the main
competitors distributional ease in destination markets
and barriers to entry for newcomers
Financial and economic conditions consists of basic issues
such as the cost of doing business in specific markets
pricing practices and payment terms tariffs and other
barriers to trade foreign exchange and currency stability
terms of concessional finance and cultural political and legal
Foreign investment and consumer environmental legislation
registration and licensing procedures local labour laws and
intellectual property protection
EXPORT IDENTIFICATION AND
POTENTIAL ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY
Revealed comparative advantage
RCAij Xij Xwj Xit Xwt
Xij is exports of product j by country i
Xwj is exports of product j by world or total
world s export of product j
Xit is total exports all products by country i
Xwt is total exports all products by world or total
world s export of all products
RCA 1 Shows advantage
RCA 1 shows disadvantage
Growth rate of exports
Xt 1 Xt Xt 100
where Xt is export value in year t and Xt 1 is
export value the next year
COMPETITIVENESS INDEX
n Xp w Xp 100
where p is the product n is country and w is
Measures a country s share in the world total
Ranges 0 to 100
Indicates market power and control
ADDITIVE RCA
Defined as the difference between the share of a
country s total exports of a specific product in its total
exports and the share of world exports of the same
product in total world exports
ARCA n Xp n Xpi w Xp w Xpi
where p is a product n is country w is world and pi
is all products The first term is the share of product p
in the total export of country n The second term is
the share of product p in the total exports of the
It compares the export pattern of a country to the
export pattern of the world
It ranges from 1 to 1
MICHELAYE INDEX
Defined as the difference between the share of a
country s total exports of a product in its total
exports and the share of the same country s
imports of the same product in its total imports
Michelaye index n Xp n Xpi n
MICHELAYE INDEX
where p is a specific product n is country pi is
all products X is exports to world M is imports
from world
The first term is the share of export of product p
in total export of country n
The second term is share of import of country n of
product p in total import of country n
It compares the export pattern of a country to its
own import pattern
It ranges from 1 to 1
EXPORT POTENTIAL ASSESSMENT
COMPOSITE INDEX USED IN NTIS 2010
EXPORT POTENTIAL ASSESSMENT
METHODOLOGY USED IN ITC STUDY


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